When he arrives in France, the asylum seeker is frequently traumatized by the escape of his country and the persecutions he may have suffered there. The asylum application is therefore the conclusion of a long, tiring and painful journey.
French asylum law provides two kinds of international protections : the refugee status and the subsidiary protection.
According to Article L.711-1 of CESEDA, “Refugee status is recognized for any person who is persecuted for his or her freedom work and for any person over whom the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees exercises its mandate under Articles 6 and 7 of the Convention. its status as adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 14 December 1950 or which meets the definitions of Article 1 of the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 relating to the Status of Refugees. These persons are governed by the provisions applicable to refugees under the above-mentioned Geneva Convention“.
Article L. 712-1 alternatively provides for the benefit of subsidiary protection:
“The benefit of subsidiary protection is granted to any person who does not fulfill the conditions for being recognized as a refugee and for whom there are substantial grounds for believing that he or she would run a real risk of suffering in his country. one of the following serious attacks:
a) The death penalty or execution;
b) Torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
c) In the case of a civilian, a serious and personal threat to his life or person caused by violence that may extend to persons regardless of their personal circumstances and resulting from a situation of armed conflict internal or international. “